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تعلم الإنجليزية من خلال العربية - كلمات في الأخبار

تعلم الإنجليزية من خلال العربية - كلمات في الأخبار

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This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report  .

Food prices have risen sharply (بشكل حاد) in the past few years. The good news is that the rate (معدل) of increase has slowed. The bad news is that prices will not go down anytime soon.
Also, the rate of global agriculture production is slowing.
But it needs to increase 60 percent over the next 40 years to feed (لإطعام) a growing world population.
These are some of the findings (نتيجة أبحاث) in the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook (توقعات زراعية) 2012 - 2021.
 The OECD is the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.
The FAO is the food and Agriculture Organization, a United Nations agency.
FAO Director-General Jose Graziano da Silva spoke at news conference (مؤتمر صحفي) in Rome last month when the report was released (عندما صدر التقرير). MR. Da Silva said the world's poorest people will feel the greatest effects of higher prices. He said for millions of people living in extreme poverty (فقر مدقع), the meaning of higher food prices is clear. They might have to change their diets (أنظمة غذائية), often to ones with less nutritional value.
In middle-income countries (دول متوسطة الدخل) , people are gaining weight. They are eating fewer fruits and vegetables.
And they are eating less nutritious, and cheaper, food.
The report also shows that farmers in poorer countries will be leading efforts to feed an expected 9 billion people by 2050. The Outlook predicts (تتوقع) that farmers (مزارعين) in Latin America, the Caribbean and sub-Saharan Africa will drive agriculture production in the future.
 Angel Gurria is chief of the OECD.He says we can feed 9 billion people by 2050 without stretching things too far. But, he said, we have to organize ourselves better. Still, there are many problems.
One-fourth of all agricultural land is damaged. Many countries face water shortages. and experts believe climate change is driving increasingly unusual weather.
The report says farmers need to use more environmentally sustainable growing methods. At the same time, it says governments should end economically harmful supports and invest more in agricultural production. Mr. Gurria says rich and poor nations need to treat agriculture more like a business.
That also mean reducing waste.The FAO and the OECD estimate (تقدران) that about one-third of the world food production is lost. This is either because of poor growing and harvesting methods, or because people are throwing away good food.
And that's the VOA Special English Agriculture Report
I'm Marion Ritter.



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